The AlphaLISA® Mouse Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Detection Kit is designed for detection and quantitation of mouse IL-2 in serum, buffered solution, or cell culture medium in a homogeneous (no-wash steps, no separation steps) assay.
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In the mouse, Interleukin 2 (IL2), formerly known as T-cell growth factor (TCGF), contains 149 amino acids in its mature form. In humans, this immunoregulatory lymphokine is produced by lectin- or antigen-activated T cells and capable of inducing the thymic expansion of recently activated antigen-specific T lymphocytes. However, since T-cell immunity could be elicited by various agents in the absence of IL2 in vivo, it is currently thought that the main non-redundant activity of this cytokine is the induction of the suppressor function of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in peripheral lymph nodes to ensure suppression of autoreactive T cells that escape negative selection. Moreover, recent findings suggest that IL2-mediated regulation of Treg cells is important in the prevention of type 1 diabetes and autoimmune disease.
AlphaLISA technology allows the detection of molecules of interest in a no-wash, highly sensitive, quantitative assay. In an AlphaLISA assay, a biotinylated anti-analyte antibody binds to the Streptavidin-coated Donor beads while another anti-analyte antibody is conjugated to AlphaLISA Acceptor beads. In the presence of the analyte, the beads come into close proximity. The excitation of the Donor beads causes the release of singlet oxygen molecules that triggers a cascade of energy transfer in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
|Assay Target Class||Cytokine|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||5,000 assay points|
The AlphaLISA® assay is a homogeneous immunoassay alternative to classical ELISA. AlphaLISA assays were originally utilized to detect analytesin cell cultures upernatants or serum/plasma samples.