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As the demand for solar power continues to grow, there needs to be a clear focus on different key issues in the life cycle of a solar cell. These issues are: efficiency, durability and cost. Coupling PerkinElmer’s application knowledge and experience together with our product portfolio, we can help manufacturers overcome these obstacles. At PerkinElmer, we’re taking action to ensure the quality of our environment.
There is a growing body of evidence showing that there are significant differences between some nanomaterials and their non-nanoscale counterparts. What those differences portend raises many new questions about their potential to cause harm to human health and the environment.
UV/Vis/NIR absorption spectroscopy has evolved to a very powerful characterization tool of carbon nanotube dispersions and has thus contributed a significant share to the insights on nanotube purity, functionalization and sorting that were elaborated the past years.
The efficiency of molecular manipulations involving nucleic acids is heavily dependent on the concentration and purity of the nucleic acid in a sample. The quantification of oligonucleotide is readily accomplished by taking advantage of the absorbance of UV light. Thus, UV light analysis may be used to derive information about the concentration of the sample. This application note describes the quantification of an oligonucleotide using a LAMBDA™ 465 UV/Vis Spectrophotometer.
UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy is used to study the optical properties of photovoltaic cells. The various phenomena involved (reflectance, transmittance, absorbance) are considered along with the equipment required to measure them. The study is based on a silicon cell and involves calculations to determine its selective reflectivity.
Clinical chemistry uses chemical processes to measure levels of chemical components in the blood. It is very useful for the early diagnostic of disease and for monitoring organ function. The most common specimens used in clinical chemistry are blood and urine and this application note shows the common blood tests and measurable items using UV/Vis spectrophotometers as determined by the enzymatic method.
Crude Palm Oil (CPO) is a raw material used in the production of margarine and other vegetable oil based food products. CPO is traded and there are quality specifications based on free fatty acids (FFAs) as well as moisture and impurities. Margarine manufacturers also want to assess the CPO’s ‘fitness for refining’ which is measured by the Deterioration of Bleachability Index (DOBI). A DOBI index of less than 1.8 indicates a poor quality oil; a DOBI index > 3 indicates a high quality oil.
Quantification methods for total protein are among the longest-established fundamental and important experiments of bioscience. UV/Vis Spectrophotometry is widely used for the determination of protein. This application note describes a typical protein method, the Bradford method. Data is rapidly acquired using the LAMBDA™ 465 UV/Vis Spectrophotometer and processed using the UV Lab Software.
Combination drugs containing Paracetamol and Aspirin are widely used analgesics with anti-inflammatory properties for treatment of migraines. Both active ingredients have a similar mode of action, whereby they inhibit the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme, by preventing the production of prostaglandins which cause pain, inflammation, and fever. UV/Vis spectrometry is a fast and commonly used technique in quality control laboratories for routine analysis of purity and quantity of components within various stages of a product’s manufacture in many industries.
In surface waters, phosphorus commonly exists in its phosphate form. A high concentration of phosphate in water is indicative of domestic waste, industrial effluent, and agricultural runoff which can lead to eutrophication. Eutrophication causes an increase in plant and algal growth, which decreases the dissolved oxygen in the water, often leaving the water uninhabitable to organisms. In this application, the quantitative analysis of ortho-phosphate was performed using the LAMBDA 265 UV/Vis spectrophotometer and CHEMetrics ortho-phosphate cell test kit.
Principle Total phosphoric compounds in water sample is changed to phosphate (PO4 -) form by oxidation. After treatment with ammonium molybdate • ascorbic acid solution, blue color is created. This color is measured at 880 nm. In this application note, the quantitative analysis of total phosphorus (T-P) was performed by as-corbic acid method. Data are rapidly acquired using LAMBDA™ 465 UV-Vis Spectrophotometer and processed using UV Lab™ Software.
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is used as an indirect measurement of the sum of oxidizable matter in water and measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to oxidize organic compounds. Wastewater commonly contains organic compounds, as a result of industrial processes, which can oxidise in the presence of dissolved oxygen in the water. Low levels of dissolved oxygen can be detrimental to aquatic life but high levels may cause corrosion of metal pipes. It is important to use COD as an indicator of water quality. In this application, quantitative analysis of COD was performed using the LAMBDA 265TM UV-Vis spectrophotometer and Merck Spectroquant® COD mercury free cell test.