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For laboratories analyzing everything from air quality to flavors and fragrances, thermal desorption offers a faster, easier, more cost-efficient way to prepare samples for GC or GC/MS analysis. Ideal for the trace-level measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)—as well as most semi-volatile chemicals—thermal desorption lets you avoid time-consuming, manual, solvent-based sample preparation in favor of a simple, streamlined, automated approach. It also delivers the added benefits of superior throughput and enhanced sensitivity.
In today’s budget-constrained, yet highly competitive laboratory environments, the samples you’re being asked to analyze - whether food, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, or environmental - are increasingly difficult. But for some labs, having a dedicated GC for every application isn’t an option. For them, a GC that can do it all isn’t just a nice-to have, it’s a necessity.
The analysis of C2 to C12 volatile organic ozone-precursor compounds can present a serious technical challenge to the analytical chemist. Low concentrations in the atmosphere coupled with the need to monitor frequently to assess diurnal variations means that a preconcentration step of the sample before analysis by thermal desorption is required. While the samples can be collected in the field and returned to the laboratory, remote, field-based analysis is desired which allows reduced data turnaround time, minimizes sample collection hardware and permits the presence or absence of VOCs to be correlated with meteorological data. In the field, low-molecular-weight C2 VOCs can be trapped on solid adsorbents if those adsorbents are cryogenically cooled.
The synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) may require multiple reaction steps that produce undesirable reaction byproducts or utilize various solvents that have to be removed from the finished product. These solvents and byproducts may be measured with headspace gas chromatography for those volatile residual organic solvents according to the USP chapter 467 method. Method USP 467 classifies residual solvents into three classes according to toxicity; class 1 solvents are to be avoided unless there is strong justification, class 2 solvents are those that should be limited due to toxicity concerns.
This method outlines the analysis of volatile organic compounds in a variety of solid waste matrices including various air sampling trapping media, ground and surface water, soils, and sediments among others. The method requires not only demonstration of laboratory sample preparation and handling competence but instrument performance as well. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS with purge and trap sample introduction both meets and exceeds the performance criteria set out in method 8260C and describes the analytical results and instrumental methodology.
BTEX are regulated toxic compounds while benzene is also an EPA target carcinogen. The investigation of these compounds, especially in drinking water at low levels, is critical to protect public health. This application note focuses on exceeding the current EPA detection limit requirement for BTEX while meeting and/or exceeding all other criteria in EPA method 524.2 for these analytes.
Air pollution is a global concern. Ground-level ozone has become an increasingly important issue in developed nations, as the health effects of smog are more clearly understood. The monitoring of VOC ozone precursor compounds will continue to play a role in defining and reducing air pollution in developed and developing nations in the next decade. The data presented here shows the excellent results of improved separation via Elite-624Sil MS column with real world samples, simplified column connections to the Dean Switching device and trap with modernized triple bed trap with guard zone technologies.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been identified as a major source of air pollution, and as such, have been regulated as a cause of both primary and secondary pollution, such as photochemistry smog. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) regulates 189 hazardous air pollutants under the Clean Air Act (CAA) of 1990, 51% of which are VOCs. The CAA offers further regulation and guidance for the monitoring of VOCs and ozone pollution in ambient air with a list of 57 ozone-precursor target analytes monitored under U.S. EPA’s Technical Assistance Document for Sampling and Analysis of Ozone Precursors, EPA/600-R-98/161 (1998)1, as well as the requirement of states to establish Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS). This paper details an application for VOC monitoring with an extended target compound list utilizing a PerkinElmer TurboMatrix™ 300 TD and PerkinElmer Clarus® 580 GC. The application note demonstrates results with good repeatability, linearity and detection limits.
Optimized methods are needed for the analysis of toxic compounds in air to understand the impact to human health. People breathe approximately 20,000 liters of air a day so this concern is significant. EPA Method TO-17 is used to determine toxic compounds in air after they have been collected onto sorbent tubes. This application note demonstrates that the PerkinElmer TurboMatrix™ Thermal Desorber and the PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS will meet and exceed the criteria set forth in EPA method TO-17. Detailed instrument method parameters are presented, with precision, recovery, linearity and detection limit results.
This application note will concentrate on the potency identification and quantification of THC and CBD in cannabis by Gas Chromatography. Other application notes will cover potency by HPLC, pesticide analysis and residual solvent analyses. Analysis of cannabis has taken on new importance in light of legalized marijuana in several states of the USA. Cannabis contains several different components classed as cannabinoids. Primary cannabinoids of interest are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). Positive identification and quantification of the THC/CBD ratio is a primary objective in the analysis of cannabis. Cannabis is analyzed for several different purposes.
Wallpaper is widely used throughout the world as an interior design choice that offers bright colors, rich designs and durability, all at an affordable price. Vinyl wallpaper has emerged as an especially durable choice over paper and non-woven varieties of wallpaper, however, its manufacturing poses many environmental concerns. When manufacturing wallpaper, a large amount of organic solvent is utilized in the treatment and printing processes. As a result, high levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be present in the product, which pose an inhalation risk to humans. To identify potential levels of VOCs in wallpaper samples, a method was undertaken, targeting 35 volatile organic compounds using a PerkinElmer TurboMatrix™ 650 ATD and PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ8 GC/MS, with results and methodology introduced in this study.
Customer complaints of odors within a new car are rising with the increasing number of new car buyers. Although odors can be subjective, it is now well known that the new car smell is the result of chemicals emitted from the in-vehicle interior components such as the dashboard, interior panels, seat coverings, flooring materials, and so on. This application note describes a method for the automotive industry that provides a qualitative analysis and the olfactory character of each component using the TD-GC/MS-Olfactory Port.